Monday, December 5, 2016

* Title Nine impact on Women's sports

On June 23, 1972, President Richard Nixon signed a document that gave women around the world more freedom in education and federally funded activities. This document is known as Title IX, which prevents sex oriented discrimination in anything that the federal government funds. This made it easier for women to participate in the activities that they had previously wanted to but were either not allowed to or were made fun of for wanting to do based on their sex. Any group from 1972 to present day, are no longer to discriminate based on a person's sex if they receive funding from a federal agency. Though Title IX is known for making education and activities easier for women to participate in, it doesn’t only apply to females. It also applies to males and gender nonconforming people. Title IX also gives aid to people in situations where they are being sexually assaulted and or harassed based on the gender they present themselves as. This ensures that students are not sexually taken advantage of due to being female or male. This was put into place so that in schools and even workplaces nobody was sexually harassed or discriminated upon due to what their sex is or what they look like. And if people were made aware of any of this going on and they didn’t put an immediate stop to it, the federal government would put an immediate halt on any money that the company, school or business was receiving from them. Title IX was implemented to make safer workplaces and schools for not only women but males and gender nonconforming peoples.

Title nine has impacted women in many ways, this was the opportunity for women to prove their athleticism was just as good as any man. The women were not allowed to compete in many competitions, could not get scholarships and were overall separated from equal rights. When title nine first started the participation for women's sports jumped to about 41% compared to 7% because they were able to have funding. For example Billie Jean King, who couldn’t get a tennis scholarship while studying at Cal State Los Angeles, campaigned for higher pay and professional treatment for women tennis players. When she created a league for women to compete in and later on having a tournament against the men's team called “battle of the sexes” she was most famous for defeating former Wimbledon champion and tennis player Bobbie Riggs. In 1973 a match captivated and changed the way women looked at themselves, one player had said “I just had to play,” announced in a newsweek paper and in another interview another lady had said “Title IX had just passed, and I wanted to change the hearts and minds of people to match the legislation.”

Title nine impacted women by equal access to higher education, more career opportunities, protection to pregnant women in schools, increased the amount of  aloud to teach in schools, it changed gender stereotypes in the classroom, fighting against sexual harassment stopped, access to all sports benefitted women to play on varsity sports team to help show their talent, scholarships were now offered to women for academics and athletics, the self confidence in all women increased.

This world changing law  "No person in the United States shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any education program or activity receiving Federal financial assistance” has helped shaped women into an understanding to be who they want to be without the help of others. Being able to compete in a sport they love with other women to earn scholarships or even just a medal, helps them build confidence, determination and a better understanding of life.

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